Blake mycoskie partner

Case Study = Blake Mycoskie and TOMS By age 29, Blake Mycoskie had already started four businesses. He got the idea to start his fifth business on a trip to Argentina. Blake observed that many people were wearing alpargatas soft casual canvas shoes and he thought they would sell in America. Listen to How I Built This with Guy Raz episodes free, on demand. Blake Mycoskie started and sold four businesses before age 30. But only in Argentina did he discover the idea he'd want to pursue long term. After seeing a shoe drive for children, he came up with TOMS — part shoe business, part philanthropy. PLUS for our postscript 'How You Built That,' we check back in with Dillon Hill, who ... Children International is proud to partner with TOMS and its One for One ... TOMS Founder Blake Mycoskie witnessed the hardships faced by children growing up without shoes. Wanting to help, he created TOMS, a company that would match every pair of shoes purchased with a new pair of shoes for a child in need. Blake Mycoskie, the founder of TOMS, proved to the world that giving can be good for business. However, the company's rapid growth also took a personal toll, sparking a battle with depression. The founder of TOMS, Blake Mycoskie, knows a thing or two about building a globally successful philanthropic brand.He also understands the physical, mental and emotional toll that growing business can take, a struggle he is opening up about as he announces the launch of his latest venture designed to help all of us develop better tools to deal with stress. Blake Mycoskie’s birth sign is Virgo. Virgos are often slow to fall in love. They are conservative by nature and cautious with their hearts, they benefit from a more flirtatious aggressive partner to start things off. Blake Mycoskie, Sadhguru’s partner in conversation, is a socially-conscious entrepreneur, best known for founding TOMS Shoes, which has expanded to include TOMS eyewear. Through their One for One model, TOMS delivers a pair of free shoes or eyewear to a child in need for every sale of the related product. About › Partner with TED › Case studies › TOMS Giving Project In 2006, Blake Mycoskie befriended children in Argentina and found they had no shoes to protect their feet. To help, he created TOMS Shoes, a company that would match every pair of shoes purchased with a pair of new shoes given to a child in need. One for One. You may think you know Blake Mycoskie — serial entrepreneur, participant on the Amazing Race, Founder of TOMS, author of Start Something that Matters, father, philanthropist, adventurer — but those are only parts of his story. Blake has continued a lifelong journey of exploration and personal transformation, and in doing so realized there ...

Struggling to find that "in" with your customers? Here's how I help my SaaS clients develop a unique and memorable brand to differentiate them from the competition.

2020.04.28 17:30 jdquey Struggling to find that "in" with your customers? Here's how I help my SaaS clients develop a unique and memorable brand to differentiate them from the competition.

Do you feel the more you polish your marketing messaging, the more you sound like your competitors?
If you’re a B2B brand, realize this - your customers are overwhelmed.
In the last 60 seconds on the internet, there were over:
And that's not all. The average internet user (you and I) are spending almost six and a half hours consuming content online every day. There's more to it than that, 71% of B2B buyers said that they consume blog content during a purchase.
These are astonishing numbers.
If you don’t distinguish your brand from countless competitors, the content deluge will swallow you. Successful B2B brands have taken their time to work on their positioning, so they stand out and attract the attention they deserve.
But positioning your brand favorably is tough. That’s why most brands are jostling for a position far behind a handful of companies that dominate the markets.
In this guide, I’ll show you how to develop a unique and memorable B2B brand people notice.
If you read to the end, there’s a bonus to learn more principles about product marketing. You’ll learn how my agency, Growth Ramp, doubled an early-stage startup’s annualized revenue by 127%. We did so in six months, using 14 different principles.
To make sure we are on the same page, let’s answer the question:

What is Brand Positioning in B2B?

Brand positioning is the process of shaping a company to occupy a distinct place in the minds of its customers compared to competitors.
Put another way, brand positioning helps customers pick your company over your competitors.
In B2B, product features are often very similar. By positioning your brand, you will have the upper-hand to compete on more than price alone.
Positioning, however, is a two-sided process. “Most brands only address what they are,” says Aaron Orendorff, VP of Marketing at Common Thread Collective, “and forget to make it equally clear what they are not.”
With the U.S. GDP growing by 2.3% in 2019, B2B brands must position themselves correctly to get a piece of the pie.

5 Steps to Developing a Unique and Memorable B2B Brand

You’ve seen the amazing power of excellent positioning. But how exactly do you design your positioning in the marketplace? These are the five steps to developing a unique and memorable brand: \
  1. Talk to your customers.
  2. Do market research to validate brand messaging.
  3. Choose your brand positioning.
  4. Create your value proposition.
  5. Refine your value proposition into a Unique Selling Proposition (USP).
Here’s a diagram on how to create a USP, which I’ll explain in this article:
Image
To create a memorable USP and brand position, you’ll begin by talking to your customers.

Step 1: Talk to your customer.

A common fear people have when positioning is, “Is there enough business if I niche down this far?”
When you properly position your company, you must be willing to turn the wrong customers away. But who are the right customers you should work with?
To remove your fear of positioning your business wrong, start by talking to your customers.
Talking to your customers will allow you to find out why they bought your product instead of another product.
How do you talk to customers?
First, reach out to them via email sequences using a tool like Mailshake or Rightinbox. Email has a wide reach too. Projections show we will send 333.2 billion emails in 2021.
Second, hop on a phone call and ask them questions. Your goal is to ask customers what they’ve done in the past and are doing right now. No one knows what they will do in the future.
People may forget what happened in the past. But since the past event has happened, you don’t have to guess if their prediction is accurate.
Understanding what previous customers have said, done, and thought can help you predict what future customers will say, do, and think.
Here are some questions you can ask in your customer interview:
Once you ask a question, you’ll need to document what the customer is saying.
For best results, though, just listen and only make notes about things you want to follow up on during the interview. Don’t document what the customer is saying as she’s saying it. Instead, be sure to record every interview with your customer’s permission, or bring in a second interviewer to take thorough notes.

Step 2: Validate your brand messaging.

Let’s go back to the Growth Ramp diagram I mentioned earlier, we’re now at the second step of determining the brand messaging:
Image
This will give you a starting point for your brand positioning.
After interviewing your customers, I recommend you survey your market to help you triangulate the data. We want to avoid looking for confirmation of what you’ve learned while avoiding confirmation bias. Instead, see if you can’t validate or invalidate what you’ve found.
Use a tool like Pollfish, SurveyMonkey Research, or Google Surveys to run your survey.
Many of these tools partner with companies like Swagbucks, who pay people to make money online by answering surveys. You’ll get 85-90% of useful responses, while the rest will be obvious duds. With Pollfish, you can get any responses you don’t want exchanged for free.

The tricky thing about surveying people is that you can never be sure you’re surveying someone who might be a future customer. So take what you learn with a grain of salt.

Step 3: Use the brand messaging to figure out your positioning

As I noted earlier, brand positioning is where your brand sits in the hearts and minds of customers. Particularly, comparing you against your competitors.
So before you land on your positioning, you first need to know how your competitors position themselves in the market.
Image
To gather this competitive intelligence:
  1. Start by listing all your competitors.
  2. Look at how each competitor positioned their company.
  3. Consider what your customers told you about competitors.
You can also use Google auto-suggest to help you find even more competitors.
Type in the name of your biggest competitor and add "vs." afterward. Then go through each letter of the alphabet. Here’s an example for TurboTax:
Image
Next, you’ll want to look at how each competitor positions their company.
A simple way to see how each competitor positions their company is to write down:
This will give you a clear picture of how best to position your brand, not to mention give you some actionable content ideas you can write about on your company’s blog.

For instance, Goura realized most repricing software for Amazon was rigid. So they positioned theirs as a tool “able to take a handful of settings and handle a multitude of situations.”

Step 4: Express your brand’s positioning with a clear value proposition.

A value proposition is a value you promise to deliver to your customers.
While competing in The Amazing Race, Blake Mycoskie visited Argentina during one of the legs of the race. Although he had been to several other countries, this place woke him to a new reality.
Blake revisited Argentina four years later, where he met a woman volunteering to deliver shoes to shoeless children. Soon he felt a mission to start a shoe company to provide footwear to more children in need. His goal was to donate one pair of shoes for every pair someone bought.
This famous footwear company is better known as TOMS.
With 200 shoes and a strong value prop, Blake pitched journalists until the LA Times picked up his story. To his surprise, Mycoskie generated $88,000 in orders over the weekend. Eight years later, in 2014, TOMS valuation was $625 million.
What’s the big lesson here?
The better the value you promise customers (AKA your value prop) and the clearer you communicate it, the more sales you’ll make.
This brings us to this stage in the positioning process - writing a value proposition:
Image
  1. Relevant to your customers’ acute pain. It’s written in the language of your customer, so your customers’ know it addresses their ongoing problems.
  2. Clear about the value you offer and how it will improve their lives. A customer should be able to read and understand your value prop in five seconds (or less). There should be no hype or business jargon.
  3. Specific about the benefits you offer. There is a concrete result a customer will get from buying from your product.
  4. Different from what your competition offers.
Eachnight, a mattress company, is a good case-in-point. Their language shows their main concern is people’s health, not just a comfortable bed to sleep on. So their value prop is, “A curated and mindful approach to health, wellness, and sleep.”
Image
Here’s a problem if you stop at creating a value proposition.
Your competitors can copy your value proposition. For example, I’ve found over 30 companies using the 1-for-1 value prop TOMS uses. As the novelty of their model has worn off, TOMS has been struggling to pay back their loans.

So how do you transform a powerful value prop that makes more sales... AND is unlikely competition will ever steal it? By turning your value prop into a USP. Step 5: Add specificity to turn your value prop into a unique sales proposition (USP)

You’re in the final stage of developing a unique and memorable brand. It’s time to turn the value prop into a unique sales proposition.
Image What turns a value prop into a USP?
Let’s look at GEICO’s USP:
“15 minutes could save you 15% or more on your car insurance.”
GEICO’s marketing agency knew auto insurance buyers wanted two things:
  1. More savings.
  2. Spend very little time.
But all auto insurance can promise more savings in a short amount of time.
To prevent this, GEICO offers a specific claim. That is, "...15 minutes could save you 15%" becomes a risk-free guarantee.
A customer might think, “I’m paying $200/month in auto insurance. I’d be willing to spend 15 minutes to potentially save $30/month!”

Yes, using a specific claim could influence a competitor to steal it. Yet, a USP often requires a change to the product or the company’s operations. 3 Unique Sales Proposition Examples to Inspire You

How do you differentiate yourself to find that “in” to connect your customers? How do you make your brand come first in customers' minds when they choose who to buy from?
The best way to connect with customers is:
By creating a unique sales proposition (or USP).
Here are three case studies to inspire you. Example #1. Anacin head relief. In the 1950s, Rosser Reeves tripled Anacin’s revenue in 18 months from $18 million to $54 million by advertising a unique selling proposition.. His message focused on the medicine’s speed of action “Anacin, fast, fast, fast relief.”
That wasn’t his only popular selling crusade. Other famous marketing campaigns from Reeves were:
Note how short, simple, and clear the USPs are. No wonder they stuck in people’s minds. Example #2: GEICO Insurance brand GEICO wooed customers with a simple yet powerful message:
“15 minutes could save you 15% or more on your car insurance.”
The message resonated; hence GEICO had the largest market share growth in auto insurance from 2000 to 2018. \
Image
Example #3: Domino’s Domino’s hit the jackpot with a bold promise:
“Fresh, hot pizza delivered to your door in 30 minutes or less or it's free.”
The last time Domino’s gave their signature 30-minute USP guarantee was in 1993.
Yet 24 years after Domino’s ended their guarantee, customers still want free pizza. If that’s not sticky, I don’t know what is.
Domino’s retail sales have been dominating Pizza Hut and Papa John’s from 2014 to 2018: \
Image

That’s lasting growth brought by solid positioning. Bonus Step: Promote your USP far-and-wide.

Once you’ve created a USP, you will want to spread your message with your go-to-market strategy:
Image
You can:
  1. Get on podcasts.
  2. Create sales KPIs to get more enterprise clients.
  3. Build an ROI-driven content marketing strategy and find it easy to rank SEO keywords.
  4. Create comparison content, whether that’s creating review articles, one-on-one comparisons or alternative content.
  5. Use an Adwords cheat sheet to acquire customers at a lower price.
  6. Connect with influencers in your niche to promote your content.
The list goes on-and-on.The goal is to promote your USP so it sticks in your customers heads, to fall in love with their hearts, and pay with their wallet.

Time to Position Your Brand

There you have it.
Five simple steps to powerful brand positioning. Five steps that position you as a magnetic one-of-a-kind B2B brand prospects want to do business with.
Let’s sum them up:
  1. Talk to customers.
  2. Do market research to validate brand messaging.
  3. Choose your brand positioning.
  4. Create your value proposition.
  5. Refind your value prop into a USP.
  6. Bonus: Promote your USP far-and-wide.
Nail your brand positioning today and become number one in prospects and customers’ minds.
You can find the original article here on FoundationInc.
If you’d like more advice like this to help you on your journey from idea to scale, I put together this free 14-day email series on product marketing. I think you’ll enjoy it because it goes deeper into different product marketing strategies like this one.
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2019.12.03 16:31 jdquey How to create value propositions that lifts sales

While competing in The Amazing Race, Blake Mycoskie took an eye-opening trip to Argentina.
Four years later, Mycoskie revisited Argentina on vacation. There he met a woman who was volunteering to deliver shoes to shoeless children. The experience fueled his desire to start a footwear company to help more children in need. His goal was to donate one pair of shoes for every pair someone bought.
You may have heard of this famous footwear company - TOMS.
With nothing more than 200 pairs of shoes and a unique value proposition, Mycoskie began to pitch journalists.
Finally, the Los Angeles Times picked up his story. To his surprise, Mycoskie generated $88,000 in orders over the weekend (source). Eight years later in 2014, TOMS valuation was $625 million (source).
Dozens of copycats have since used the one-for-one model. Companies like Warby Parker, Patagonia, and The Company Store all use this model. According to Wikipedia, it’s now classified as a business model (source)).
For TOMS, this story ends on a happy note. Mycoskie leveraged his value proposition and withstood the onslaught of copycats and competitors.
But for other founders, their products and company stories often end tragically.
Some don’t know how to clearly communicate their unique value. While they might get a wave of traffic from Product Hunt, none of it sticks.
Or perhaps a better-funded competitor takes their idea. They use a similar value proposition and outsmart the competition.
How do you keep your lesser-known company out of the startup graveyard?
One key element is by crafting a unique value proposition that sells.

What is a value proposition (value prop)?

Simply put:
“A value proposition is the value you promise to deliver to your customers.”
Therefore it makes sense that the better you communicate the value you promise (your value prop), the more sales you’ll make.
Here’s the thing.
If you’re relentlessly testing marketing tactics with a lame value prop, you’re just polishing turds.

What are the warning signs that I have a weak value proposition?

  1. You’re in head-to-head battles with competitors. You know their names by heart. The customer constantly decides between you or them. It’s become a spend-out-spend marketing fight every step of the way.
  2. Your articles and ads sound like every other option in Google. If you sound like every other me-too mediocre marketing message, you’re asking for someone to disrupt your industry. (The good news for you is it’s a sure sign of an industry ripe for the picking).
  3. People who “should” be buying from you are bouncing off your site. And why should they stick around if you don’t have?
  4. Customers know how much your product “should” cost. It’s expensive to attempt to sell a commodity. If you look the same, talk the same, and feel the same as everyone out there, how will I, your customer, know the difference? If a customer can reasonably and accurately compare your product to something on Amazon, you’re a dead man walking.
  5. Your customer is more in control of the transaction than you are. You’re in deep sewage water when they demand concessions, price, terms, and delivery.
If this sounds all-too-familiar, read on...

How important is a strong value prop?

Peep Laja, the founder of the renowned conversion optimization agency Conversion XL, went so far to say:
“...if I could give you only one piece of conversion optimization advice, ‘test your value proposition’ would be it.” (Source)
A strong value proposition will be:
  1. Relevant to your customers’ acute pain. It’s written in the language of your customer so your customers’ know it addresses their ongoing problems.
  2. Clear about the value you offer and how it will improve their lives. A customer should be able to read and understand your value prop in five seconds (or less). There should be no hype or business jargon.
  3. Specific about the benefits you offer. There is a concrete result a customer will get from buying from your product.
  4. Different or significantly better than what your competition offers.
Here’s the problem:
Your competitors can easily copy most value propositions. I’ve found over 30 companies using the one-for-one model (source, source, source). And that doesn’t count dozens of other companies who tried and failed using this business model.
*In fact, your competitors will often offer a similar value prop as you. *Perhaps they will phrase it a bit differently. But it’s almost an exact copy in the eyes of your customers.
So how do you write a powerful value prop that makes sales, and is nigh impossible for your competition to steal?

How to write a powerful, unique value prop statement

Step 1: Talk to your customers (AKA, gather your voice of the customer data).

Main article: Voice of the customer (VOC)
Ask them why they bought your product rather than a competitor’s product. Find out what they wish were better about your competitor’s offer. And also ask what is the main reason they bought from you. Talking to your customers is key when accurately mapping your Gap Analysis™.

Step 2: Conduct market research (optional, but recommended).

Customer interviews will point you in the right direction. But market research is valuable to understand how big the problem is in your target market.
You can survey the market using a survey tool like Pollfish. How many people should you survey? To get a 99% confidence level, with a 5% margin of error, and with any population size, you will want to survey 664 people.

Step 3: Collect competitive intel.

Main article: Competitive intelligence
Look up the names of every competitor in your niche. This includes looking up:
  1. Competitors you know about
  2. Competitors your customer told you in step one
  3. Competitors you find doing a Google search for “$COMPETITOR alternatives.” You’ll want to replace “$COMPETITOR” with the names of your competitors.
Next, you’ll want to find out how your competitors are positioning themselves. To 80-20 this process, I recommend you look at their title tag in Google. Then look at their messaging on their homepage. This is where customers look to first learn about a company’s value prop.
If you’re looking for a product’s value prop, you’ll want to visit the product page and use this same process.
Put this all in one document so you can easily compare and contrast what you’re doing.

Step 4: Choose your position in the market.

Main article: Positioning strategy
With your research in hand, it’s now time to pick which market you want to be in and the position you will take to dominate the market.
  1. Which market are customers complaining the most about your competitors? Look at your VOC data from step one. Do you see words such as “hate, afraid, anxious, overwhelmed, feeling stupid, getting stuck, or wasting time”? That’s a sign people are experiencing high pain on a frequent basis.
  2. What benefits are your customers wanting from you or an alternative product? Do they want service delivered faster? Or slower? Are they looking to save more money? Or would they prefer to pay a premium?
  3. Are any competitors focused on this benefit exclusively? Many products attempt to be all things to all people. The problem is people have faulty memories. If you focus on one promise, it will be easier to become first-to-mind.
  4. Which opportunity excites you the most? If you were going to spend the next 10 years becoming the next “overnight success.” What would you enjoy investing your time doing better?
  5. What resources do you have to defend this position? Let’s pretend you’re going to create a competitor to Uber Lux. Do you have celebrity connections? Do you have friends with sports cars? Or do you have connections with hotel managers whom you can partner with?
Each of these steps makes it harder for someone to steal your idea.
But the final step is what will cause your brand to rise above the noise.

Step 5: Create a unique selling proposition (USP).

Main article: Unique selling proposition
From my observation, there are three approaches companies take to creating a strong value prop which creates sales:
  1. The company riffs on a common value prop.
  2. The company creates an original value prop.
  3. The company creates a unique selling proposition (USP), supported with a concrete promise.
Let’s take a look at each strategy to a strong value prop, and why I recommend you create a USP.
1. The company riffs on a common value prop.
Walmart took this approach to create a strong value prop. And from my observation, it’s the hardest approach to defend. Especially if you’re not a big-name company.
Why is it so challenging to defend? Because it’s too easy for someone else to take the same approach. As a result, you often need to constantly outwit the competition to become and keep up with the Joneses your competition.
Think about how many bargains and discount companies are out there competing with Wally World:
  1. Costco
  2. Kmart
  3. Target
  4. JCPenney
  5. Dollar General
  6. Dollar Tree
  7. SuperValu
  8. Aldi
  9. Big Lots
  10. Burlington
  11. Marshalls
  12. Nordstrom Rack
  13. Ross
  14. Save-A-Lot
  15. Super One Foods
  16. TJ Maxx
  17. Sam’s Club
  18. Stein Mart
  19. National Wholesale Liquidators
  20. WinCo
Wikipedia also lists over 90 defunct discount stores (source). If I were in your shoes, I would avoid taking this approach to creating a value prop at all costs.
2. The company creates an original value prop.
Using this approach gives you a similar temporary advantage as being first-to-market.
As a result of creating an original value prop, it’s easier to be first-to-mind because, for a season, you are the only option.
If you want to remain first-to-mind, the trick is to not let your foot off the marketing gas pedal to keep your lead. Otherwise, a smarter and better-funded team may become number one in your market. Consider how Facebook overtook MySpace as the social network to connect with friends.
TOMS took this approach to create an original value prop.
3. The company creates a USP, supported with a concrete promise.
If I were to ask you, “Who promises to deliver pizza in 30 minutes or less?” you’d likely answer Domino’s.
Yet unless you’re located in Colombia, Vietnam, Mexico, China, or India (source), Domino’s has not had this guarantee since 1993 (source).
Domino’s customers still remember this promise years later. Here’s a Reddit post from 2017 with pizza delivery guys and gals still hearing this complaint. And here’s another post from 2019 referencing the 30-minute delivery requirement.
That’s the branding power of a USP. It sticks in your customers’ mind years later.
Sure, Pizza Hut or Little Caesar’s could claim they deliver pizza fast. Domino’s put their money where their mouth is and stated they’d get it to you in 30 minutes.
*To create your USP, you’ll want to dig into your data. *
Let’s say you want to offer fast customer service. How fast does your support ticket software say you solve each issue?
Or maybe you sell the world’s boldest coffee drink as Death Wish Coffee does. Can you measure coffee strength by how much caffeine is in every cup of coffee?
All you need to do is figure out what you already do right now to solve your customer’s problems. Then promise you’ll solve it with concrete information.

What You Should Do Next

The single biggest driver of growth I’ve seen for new products is a strong value proposition. And if you can back it up with specifics and a rock-solid guarantee, even better.
If you have not done so, I’d recommend you start by creating your voice of the customer program. This will give you qualitative data on how to create your value prop.
Once you have that information, I recommend creating a market research survey. This will allow you to see how big the issue is in your market.
Then check out what the competition is doing. How are they positioning themselves?
Next, consider what your position should be in the market. Can you be significantly better than what your competition is offering? If not, can you do it better?
Finally, drill down into specifics to more precisely communicate your USP.
For more articles like this, click here to check out our articles on positioning.
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2019.09.12 21:33 techwabbit CEOs of Uber, Twitter, 143 other companies demand ‘Red Flag’ gun confiscation laws in letter to Senate

in this article titled:CEOs of Uber, Twitter, 143 other companies demand ‘Red Flag’ gun confiscation laws in letter to Senate
Various CEOs and founders for 145 companies published a letter on Thursday addressed to the U.S. Senate, urging the passage of new background check laws for gun buyers, as well as “extreme risk laws” commonly referred to as “red flag laws” as new gun control measures.

The letter expands beyond the call for increased background check laws, in requesting the passage of “red flag laws” that would allow law enforcement officers and families to report gun owners believed to be a risk to themselves or others.
Full Letter published in NYTimes:
Signatories(Over 500 employees):
  • Brian Chesky, Co-Founder, Head of Community and CEO , Airbnb
  • KeithMestrich, Presidentand CEO , Amalgamated Bank
  • John Connaughton and Jonathan Lavine, Co-Managing Partners, and Josh Bekenstein and
  • Steve Pagliuca, Co -Chairmen, Bain Capital
  • Ethan Brown, Co-Founder and CEO , Beyond Meat
  • Peter T. Grauer, Chairman , Bloomberg LP
  • Ric Clark , Chairman, Brookfield Property Group
  • Fritz Lanman, CEO , ClassPass
  • Roger Lynch, CEO , CondéNast
  • Ken Lin, Founder and CEO , Credit Karma
  • Edward Stack , CEO, DICK 'S SportingGoods
  • Tony Xu, Co -Founder and CEO , DoorDash
  • Doug Baker, Chairman and CEO , Ecolab
  • Richard Edelman, President and CEO, Edelman
  • Julia Hartz, Co-Founder and CEO , Eventbrite
  • Art Peck, CEO ,Gap Inc.
  • Eddy Lu, CEO GoatGroup
  • Ben Lerer, Co -Founder and CEO, Group NineMedia
  • Yannick Bolloré, CEO, Havas Group
  • BillKoenigsberg, President, CEO and Founder, HorizonMedia
  • Patrick O . Brown,MD, PhD, Founder and CEO , Impossible Foods
  • MichaelRoth, Chairman and CEO , Interpublic
  • Rob Frohwein, Co-Founder and CEO , and Kathryn Petralia, Co-Founder and President,
  • Kabbage Inc. and Drum Technologies
  • Chip Bergh, President and CEO , LeviStrauss & Co.
  • Logan Green, Co-Founder and CEO, and John Zimmer, Co -Founder and President, Lyft
  • Dev Ittycheria, Presidentand CEO , MongoDB, Inc.
  • HowardMarks, Co-Chairman, Oaktree CapitalManagement
  • Todd McKinnon, Co -Founder and CEO, Okta
  • John Wren , Chairman and CEO , Omnicom Group
  • Ben Silbermann, Co- Founder and CEO, Pinterest
  • Bastian Lehmann, Co-Founder & CEO , Postmates
  • Hamid R . Moghadam , Chairman and CEO , Prologis
  • Arthur Sadoun, Chairman and CEO , Publicis Groupe
  • Steve Huffman, CEO, Reddit
  • Richard Fain , CEO , RoyalCaribbean Cruises Ltd.
  • ScottRechler, Chairman and CEO , RXR Realty
  • Jon Oringer, Founder and CEO , Shutterstock , .
  • Jack Dorsey, CEO, Square and Twitter
  • Anthony Casalena, Founder and CEO, Squarespace
  • Zander Lurie, CEO, SurveyMonkey
  • AriannaHuffington, Founder and CEO , Thrive Global
  • Blake Mycoskie, Founder and Chief Shoe Giver, and Jim Alling, CEO , TOMS
  • Jeff Lawson, Co-Founderand CEO Twilio
  • DaraKhosrowshahi, CEO , Uber
  • Mark Read CEO, WPP
  • JeremyStoppelman, Co-Founder and CEO, Yelp
Under 500 Employee's:
  • Kevin P . Ryan , Founder and CEO , AlleyCorp
  • Travis Truett, Co-Founder and CEO , Ambition
  • John W . Rogers, Jr., Founder , Chairman and Co -CEO , and Mellody Hobson, Co-CEO &
  • President, Ariel Investments , LLC
  • Mike Steib , CEO , Artsy
  • Sean Knapp, Co-Founder and CEO , Ascend
  • Andrei Cherny , Co -Founder and CEO , Aspiration
  • Abdur Chowdhury , CEO , Aura
  • Fahim M . Aziz , Founder and CEO , Backpack
  • Abrams, Chairman and Co-CEO, and Katie McGrath , Co-CEO Bad Robot
  • Ari Paparo , CEO , BeeswaxIO Corporation
  • Ryan Block , Co -Founder, Begin
  • John Borthwick , Founder and CEO , Betaworks
  • Raphael Crawford -Marks, Co -Founder and CEO , Bonusly
  • Darren Lachtman , Co-Founder , Brat
  • Trevor McFedries , CEO , Brud
  • Sameer Shariff, Co -Founder , Cambly
  • Analisa Goodin , Founder and CEO, Catch & Release , Inc.
  • Andrew Feldman , Founder and CEO , Cerebras Systems
  • George Favvas, CEO , Circle Medical
  • Alex MacCaw , CEO , Clearbit
  • Tyler Bosmeny , CEO , Clever
  • MattMartin , Co-Founder and CEO , Clockwise
  • Othman Laraki, Co -Founder and CEO Color Genomics
  • Jager McConnell, CEO , Crunchbase , Inc.
  • Apu Gupta , Co-Founder and CEO , Curalate , Inc .
  • David Oates , Co-Founder and CEO, Curtsy
  • Brian Ree , Founder and CEO , DAILYLOOK
  • Saurabh Ladha, CEO , Doxel, Inc.
  • Andy Coravos , Co -Founder and CEO , Elektra Labs
  • Laurene Powell Jobs, President, Emerson Collective
  • Pradeep Elankumaran , Co-Founder & CEO Farmstead
  • Desiree Gruber , CEO , Full Picture
  • Jared Hecht, Founder and CEO , Fundera
  • JudeGomila , Founder and CEO , Golden
  • Rick Nucci, Co-Founder and CEO , Guru
  • Kara Goldin , Founder and CEO , Hint, Inc.
  • Jeff Sellinger, Co -Founder and CEO , HipDot
  • Prerna Gupta , CEO , Hooked
  • Cyrus Massoumi,Managing Partner, humbition
  • Kristin Savilia , CEO , JOOR
  • Pierre Valade , CEO , Jumbo Privacy
  • William Martino, Founder and CEO , Kadena
  • Jake Perlman -Garr, CEO , Kanga
  • Warren Shaeffer, Co-Founder and CEO , Knowable
  • Jack Altman , CEO Lattice
  • Aaron N . Block , Co-Founder and Managing Director,MetaProp .
  • Afton Vechery , Co-Founder and CEO ,Modern Fertility
  • Dan Parham , Founder and CEO , and Tee Parham , Founder and CTO Neighborland
  • Shafqat Islam , CEO , NewsCred
  • Sarah Friar, CEO , Nextdoor
  • Athan Stephanopoulos , President, NowThis
  • Varsha Rao, CEO , Nurx
  • William E . Oberndorf, Chairman , Oberndorf Enterprises
  • Steven Rosenblatt , Co-Founder andGeneral Partner, Oceans
  • Nick Huzar, Co-Founder and CEO , OfferUp
  • James Segil , Co -Founder and President, Openpath
  • Jordan Husney , CEO , Parabol
  • Doug Aley, CEO , Paravision
  • John Milinovich , CEO , Plato Design
  • Rajat Suri, CEO , Presto
  • Christopher Gavigan , Founder and CEO , Prima
  • Adam Regelmann , Founder and COO , Quartzy
  • Nate Maslak , Co-Founder and CEO , andNate Fox, Co-Founder and CTO , Ribbon Health
  • Zachariah Reitano, Co-Founder and CEO , Ro
  • Gary Beasley , Co-Founder and CEO , Roofstock
  • Stephen Ehikian , Co -Founder and CEO , Ruist
  • Brian Schechter, CEO , SelfMade
  • Olga Vidisheva , Founder and CEO , Shoptiques Inc.
  • Dan Doctoroff , CEO , Sidewalk Labs
What gives them more weight than any other american citizen?
What are your thoughts on these corps attempting to sway our congress against We The People?
Shall.Not.Be.Infringed
submitted by techwabbit to AskThe_Donald [link] [comments]


2019.05.02 14:29 L1ghtYagam1 New to the ocean

Hii. I want to start a business like Blake Mycoskie, with same or different products. The profit margin will be slim, but I live in India, so cheap labor and manufacturing. I'm good at number crunching and making plans but I'm scared when I think of it. I also don't have a business partner and have no idea that how will I raise the money (sounds stupid, I know). I tried to search it on internet, but to no avail. I don't want to die working a 9-5 job Monday to Friday, but the fact is, nobody I know will support me in my voyage (emotional support at most).
As the days keep passing, this urge inside me is growing that I want to do something that'll benefit the world and me simultaneously. The fact is, I don't know where to start, and how to raise capital. People keep advising me to get an MBA, but I don't really see a point other than a tag (my chances of getting into best b schools of country is quite slim even if I ace their exams, because I have low gpa (3.3), I've got 96 percentile in that exam this year but no calls from even the good ones).
Is MBA really necessary? And how should I start, and what should be my approach?
It will really be helpful if like minded people could guide me..
submitted by L1ghtYagam1 to Entrepreneur [link] [comments]


2017.07.09 21:10 deluks917_ Bi-Weekly Rational Feed

===Highly Recommended Articles:
Just Saying What You Mean Is Impossible by Zvi Moshowitz - "Humans are automatically doing lightning fast implicit probabilistic analysis on social information in the background of every moment of their lives." This implies there is no way to divorce the content of your communication from its myriad probabilistic social implications. Different phrasings will just send different implications.
In Defense Of Individualist Culture by Sarah Constantin (Otium) - A description of individualist culture. Criticisms of individualist culture: Lacking sympathy, few good defaults. Defenses: Its very hard to change people (psychology research review). A defense of naive personal identity. Traditional culture is fragile. Building a community project is hard in the modern world, prepare for the failure modes. Modernity has big upsides, some people will make better choices than the traditional rules allow.
My Current Thoughts On Miris Highly Reliable by Daniel Dewey (EA forum) - Report by the Open Phil AI safety lead. A basic description of and case for the MIRI program. Conclusion: 10% credence in MIRI's work being highly useful. Reasons: Hard to apply to early agents, few researchers are excited, other approaches seem more promising.
Conversation With Dario Amodei by Jeff Kaufman - "The research that's most valuable from an AI safety perspective also has substantial value from the perspective of solving problems today". Prioritize work on goals. Transparency and adversarial examples are also important.
Cfar Week 1 by mindlevelup - What is working at CFAF actually like. Less rationality research than anticipated. Communication costs scale quadratically. Organization efficiency and group rationality.
The Ladder Of Interventions by mindlevelup - "This is a hierarchy of techniques to use for in-the-moment situations where you need to “convince” yourself to do something." The author uses these methods in practice.
On Dragon Army by Zvi Moshowitz - Long response to many quotes from "Dragon Army Barracks". Duncan't attitude to criticism. Tyler Durden shouldn't appeal to Duncan. Authoritarian group houses haven't been tried. Rationalists undervalue exploration. Loneliness and doing big things. The pendulum model of social progress. Sticking to commitments even when its painful. Saving face when you screw up. True Reliability: The bay is way too unreliable but Duncan goes too far. Trust and power Dynamics. Pragmatic criticism of the charter.
Without Belief In A God But Never Without Belief In A Devil by Lou (sam[]zdat) - The nature of mass movements. The beats and the John Birchers. The taxonomy of the frustrated. Horseshoe theory. The frustrated cannot derive satisfaction from action, something else has to fill the void Poverty, work and meaning. Mass movements need to sow resentment. Hatred is the strongest unifier. Modernity inevitably causes justified resentment. Tocqueville, Polyanai, Hoffer and Scott's theories. Helpful and unhelpful responses.
On The Effects Of Inequality On Economic Growth by Artir (Nintil) - Most of the article tries to explain and analyze the economic consensus on whether inequality harms growth. A very large number of papers are cited and discussed. A conclusion that the effect is at most small.
===Scott:
Two Kinds Of Caution by Scott Alexander - Sometimes boring technologies (ex container ships) wind up being far more important than flashy tech. However Scott argues that often the flashy tech really is important. There is too much contrarianism and not enough meta-contrarianism. AI risk.
Open Road by Scott Alexander - Bi-weekly public open thread. Some messages from Scott Alexander.
To The Great City by Scott Alexander - Scott's Karass is in San Fransisco. He is going home.
Open Thread 78 75 by Scott Alexander - Bi-weekly public open thread.
Why Are Transgender People Immune To Optical Illusions by Scott Alexander - Scott's community survey showed, with a huge effect size, that transgender individuals are less susceptible to the spinning mask and dancer illusions. Trans suffer from dis-associative disorder at a high rate. Connections between the two phenomena and NDMA. Commentary on the study methodology.
Contra Otium On Individualism by Scott Alexander (Scratchpad) - Eight point summary of Sarah's defense of individualism. Scott is terrified the market place of ideals doesn't work and his own values aren't memetically fit.
Conversation Deliberately Skirts The Border Of Incomprehensibility by Scott Alexander - Communication is often designed to be confusing so as to preserve plausible deniability.
===Rationalist:
Rethinking Reality And Rationality by mindlevelup - Productivity is almost a solved problem. Much current rationalist research is very esoteric. Finally grokking effective altruism. Getting people good enough at rationality that they are self correcting. Pedagogy and making research fields legible.
The Power Of Pettiness by Sarah Perry (ribbonfarm) - "These emotions – pettiness and shame – are the engines driving epistemic progress" Four virtues: Loneliness, ignorance, pettiness and overconfidence.
Irrationality is in the Eye of the Beholder by João Eira (Lettuce be Cereal) - Is eating a chocolate croissant on a diet always irrational? Context, hidden motivations and the curse of knowledge.
The Abyss Of Want by AellaGirl - The infinite regress of 'Asking why'. Taking acid and ego death. You can't imagine the experience of death. Coming back to life. Wanting to want things. Humility and fake enlightenment.
Epistemic Laws Of Motion by SquirrelInHell - Newton's three laws re-interpreted in terms of psychology and people's strategies. A worked example using 'physics' to determine if someone will change their mind. Short and clever.
Against Lone Wolf Selfimprovement by cousin_it (lesswrong) - Lone wolf improvement is hard. Too many rationalists attempt it for cultural and historical reasons. Its often better to take a class or find a group.
Fictional Body Language by Eukaryote - Body language in literature is often very extreme compared to real life. Emojis don't easily map to irl body language. A 'random' sample of how emotion in represented in American Gods, Earth and Lirael. Three strategies: Explicitly describing feelings vs describing actions vs metaphors.
Bayesian Probability Theory As Extended Logic A by ksvanhorn (lesswrong) - Cox's theorem is often cited to support that Bayesian probability is the only valid fundamental method of plausible reasoning. A simplified guide to Cox's theorem. The author their paper that uses weaker assumptions than Cox's theorem. The author's full paper and a more detailed exposition of Cox's theorem are linked.
Steelmanning The Chinese Room Argument by cousin_it (lesswrong) - A short thought experiment about consciousness and inferring knowledge from behavior.
Ideas On A Spectrum by Elo (BearLamp) - Putting ideas like 'selfishness' on a spectrum. Putting yourself and others on the spectrum. People who give you advice might disagree with you about where you fall on the spectrum. Where do you actually stand?
A Post Em Era Hint by Robin Hanson - In past ages there were pairs of innovations that enabled the emulation age without changing the growth rate. Forager: Reasoning and language. Farmer: Writing and math. Industrial: Computers and Digital Communication. What will the em-age equivalents be?
Zen Koans by Elo (BearLamp) - Connections between koans and rationalist ideas. A large number of koans are included at the end of the post. Audio of the associated meetup is included.
Fermi Paradox Resolved by Tyler Cowen - Link to a presentation. Don't just multiply point estimates. Which Drake parameters are uncertain. The Great filter is probably in the past. Lots of interesting graphs and statistics. Social norms and laws. Religion. Eusocial society.
Developmental Psychology In The Age Of Ems by Gordan (Map and Territory) - Brief intro to the Age of Em. Farmer values. Robin's approach to futurism. Psychological implications of most ems being middle aged. Em conservatism and maturity.
Call To Action by Elo (BearLamp) - Culmination of a 21 article series on life improvement and getting things done. A review of the series as a whole and thoughts on moving forward.
Cfar Week 1 by mindlevelup - What is working at CFAF actually like. Less rationality research than anticipated. Communication costs scale quadratically. Organization efficiency and group rationality.
Onemagisterium Bayes by tristanm (lesswrong) - Toolbox-ism is the dominant mode of thinking today. Downsides of toolbox-ism. Desiderata that imply Bayesianism. Major problems: Assigning priors and encountering new hypothesis. Four minor problems. Why the author is still a strong Bayesianism. Strong Bayesians can still use frequentist tools. AI Risk.
Selfconscious Ideology by casebash (lesswrong) - Lesswrong has a self conscious ideology. Self conscious ideologies have major advantages even if any given self-conscious ideology is flawed.
Intellectuals As Artists by Robin Hanson - Many norms function to show off individual impressiveness: Conversations, modern songs, taking positions on diverse subjects. Much intellectualism is not optimized for status gains not finding truth.
Just Saying What You Mean Is Impossible by Zvi Moshowitz - "Humans are automatically doing lightning fast implicit probabilistic analysis on social information in the background of every moment of their lives." This implies there is no way to divorce the content of your communication from its myriad probabilistic social implications. Different phrasings will just send different implications.
In Defense Of Individualist Culture by Sarah Constantin (Otium) - A description of individualist culture. Criticisms of individualist culture: Lacking sympathy, few good defaults. Defenses: Its very hard to change people (psychology research review). A defense of naive personal identity. Traditional culture is fragile. Building a community project is hard in the modern world, prepare for the failure modes. Modernity has big upsides, some people will make better choices than the traditional rules allow.
Forget The Maine by Robin Hanson - Monuments are not optimized for reminding people to do better. Instead they largely serve as vehicles for simplistic ideology.
The Ladder Of Interventions by mindlevelup - "This is a hierarchy of techniques to use for in-the-moment situations where you need to “convince” yourself to do something." The author uses these methods in practice.
On Dragon Army by Zvi Moshowitz - Long response to many quotes from "Dragon Army Barracks". Duncan't attitude to criticism. Tyler Durden shouldn't appeal to Duncan. Authoritarian group houses haven't been tried. Rationalists undervalue exploration. Loneliness and doing big things. The pendulum model of social progress. Sticking to commitments even when its painful. Saving face when you screw up. True Reliability: The bay is way too unreliable but Duncan goes too far. Trust and power Dynamics. Pragmatic criticism of the charter.
===AI:
Updates To The Research Team And A Major Donation by The MIRI Blog - MIRIr received a 1 million dollar donation. Two new full-time researchers. Two researchers leaving. Medium term financial plans.
Conversation With Dario Amodei by Jeff Kaufman - "The research that's most valuable from an AI safety perspective also has substantial value from the perspective of solving problems today". Prioritize work on goals. Transparency and adversarial examples are also important.
Why Don't Ai Researchers Panic by Bayesian Investor - AI researchers predict a 5% chance of "extremely bad" (extinction level) events, why aren't they panicking? Answers: They are thinking of less bad worst cases, optimism about counter-measures, risks will be easy to deal with later, three "star theories" (MIRI, Paul Christiano, GOFAI). More answers: Fatal pessimism and resignation. It would be weird to openly worry. Benefits of AI-safety measures are less than the costs. Risks are distant.
Strategic Implications Of Ai Scenarios by (EA forum) - Questions and topics: Advanced AI timelines. Hard or soft takeoff? Goal alignment? Will advanced AI act as a single entity or a distributed system? Implication for estimating the EV of donating to AI-safety. - Tobias Baumann
Tool Use Intelligence Conversation by The Foundational Research Institute - A dialogue. Comparisons between humans and chimps/lions. The value of intelligence depends on the available tools. Defining intelligence. An addendum on "general intelligence" and factors that make intelligence useful.
Self-modification As A Game Theory Problem by (lesswrong) - "If I'm right, then any good theory for cooperation between AIs will also double as a theory of stable self-modification for a single AI, and vice versa." An article with mathematical details is linked.
Looking Into Ai Risk by Jeff Kaufman - Jeff is trying to decide if AI risk is a serious concern and whether he should consider working in the field. Jeff's AI-risk reading list. A large comment section with interesting arguments.
===EA:
Ea Marketing And A Plea For Moral Inclusivity by MichaelPlant (EA forum) - EA markets itself as being about poverty reduction. Many EAs think other topics are more important (far future, AI, animal welfare, etc). The author suggests becoming both more inclusive and more openly honest.
My Current Thoughts On Miris Highly Reliable by Daniel Dewey (EA forum) - Report by the Open Phil AI safety lead. A basic description of and case for the MIRI program. Conclusion: 10% credence in MIRI's work being highly useful. Reasons: Hard to apply to early agents, few researchers are excited, other approaches seem more promising.
How Can We Best Coordinate As A Community by Benn Todd (EA forum) - 'Replaceability' is a bad reason not to do direct work, lots of positions are very hard to fill. Comparative Advantage and division of labor. Concrete ways to boost productivity: 5 minute favours, Operations roles, Community infrastructure, Sharing knowledge and Specialization. EA Global Video is included.
Deciding Whether to Recommend Fistula Management Charities by The GiveWell Blog - "An obstetric fistula, or gynecologic fistula, is an abnormal opening between the vagina and the bladder or rectum." Fistula management, including surgery. Open questions and uncertainty particularly around costs. Our plans to partner with IDinsight to answer these questions.
Allocating the Capital by GiveDirectly - Eight media links on Give Directly, Basic Income and Cash Transfers.
Testing An Ea Networkbuilding Strategy by remmelt (EA forum) - Pivot from supporting EA charities to cooperating with EA networks. Detailed goals, strategy, assumptions, metrics, collaborators and example actions.
How Long Does It Take To Research And Develop A Vaccine by (EA forum) - How long it takes to make a vaccine. Literature review. Historical data on how long a large number of vaccines took to develop. Conclusions.
Hi Im Luke Muehlhauser Ama About Open by Luke Muelhauser (EA forum) - Animal and computer consciousness. Luke wrote a report for the open philanthropy project on consciousness. Lots of high quality questions have been posted.
Hidden Cost Digital Convenience by Innovations for Poverty - Moving from in person to digital micro-finance can harm saving rates in developing countries. Reduction in group cohesion and visible transaction fees. Linked paper with details.
Projects People And Processes by Open Philosophy - Three approaches used by donors and decision makers: Choose from projects presented by experts, defer near-fully to trusted individuals and establishing systematic criteria. Pros and cons of each. Open Phil's current approach.
Effective Altruism An Idea Repository by Onemorenickname (lesswrong) - Effective altruism is less of a closed organization than the author thought. Building a better platform for effective altruist idea sharing.
Effective Altruism As Costly Signaling by Raemon (EA forum) - " 'a bunch of people saying that rich people should donate to X' is a less credible signal than 'a bunch of people saying X thing is important enough that they are willing to donate to it themselves.' "
The Person Affecting Philanthropists Paradox by MichaelPlant (EA forum) - Population ethics. The value of creating more happy people as opposed to making pre-existing people happy. Application to the question of whether to donate now or invest and donate later.
Oops Prize by Ben Hoffman (Compass Rose) - Positive norms around admitting you were wrong. Charity Science publicly admitted they were wrong about grant writing. Did anyone organization at EA Global admit they made a costly mistake? 1K oops prize.
===Politics and Economics:
Scraps 3 Hoffer And Performance Art by Lou (sam[]zdat) - Growing out of radicalism. Either economic and family instability can cause mass movements. why the left has adopted Freud. The Left's economic platform is popular, its cultural platform is not. Performance art: Marina Abramović's' 'Rhythm 0'. Recognizing and denying your own power.
What Replaces Rights And Discourse by Feddie deBoer - Lots of current leftist discourse is dismissive of rights and open discussion. But what alternative is there? The Soviets had bad justifications and a terrible system but at least it had an explicit philosophical alternative.
Why Do You Hate Elua by H i v e w i r e d - Scott's Elua as an Eldritch Abomination that threatens traditional culture. An extended sci-fi quote about Ra the great computer. "The forces of traditional values remembered an important fact: once you have access to the hardware, it’s over."
Why Did Europe Lose Crusades by Noah Smith - Technological comparison between Europe and the Middle East. Political divisions on both sides. Geographic distance. Lack of motivation.
Econtalk On Generic Medications by Aceso Under Glass - A few egregious ways that big pharma games the patent system. Short.
Data On Campus Free Speech Cases by Ozy (Thing of Things) - Ozy classifies a sample of the cases handled by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education. Ozy classifies 77 cases as conservative, liberal or apolitical censorship. Conservative ideas were censored 52%, liberal 26% and apolitical 22%.
Beware The Moral Spotlight by Robin Hanson - The stated goals of government/business don't much matter compared to the selective pressures on their leadership, don't obsess over which sex has the worse deal overall, don't overate the benefits of democracy and ignore higher impact changes to government.
Reply To Yudkowsky by Bryan Caplan - Caplan quotes and replies to many sections Yudkowsky's response. Points: Yudkowsky's theory is a special case of Caplan's. The left has myriad complaints about markets. Empirically the market actually has consistently provided large benefits in many countries and times.
Without Belief In A God But Never Without Belief In A Devil by Lou (sam[]zdat) - The nature of mass movements. The beats and the John Birchers. The taxonomy of the frustrated. Horseshoe theory. The frustrated cannot derive satisfaction from action, something else has to fill the void Poverty, work and meaning. Mass movements need to sow resentment. Hatred is the strongest unifier. Modernity inevitably causes justified resentment. Tocqueville, Polyanai, Hoffer and Scott's theories. Helpful and unhelpful responses.
Genetic Behaviorism Supports The Influence Of Chance On Life Outcomes by Freddie deBoer - Much of the variance in many traits is non-shared-environment. Much non-shared-environment can be thought of as luck. In addition no one chooses or deserves their genes.
Yudkowsky On My Simpistic Theory of Left and Right by Bryan Caplan - Yudkowsky claims the left holds the market to the same standards as human beings. The market as a ritual holding back a dangerous Alien God. Caplan doesn't respond he just quotes Yudkowsky.
On The Effects Of Inequality On Economic Growth by Artir (Nintil) - Most of the article tries to explain and analyze the economic consensus on whether inequality harms growth. A very large number of papers are cited and discussed. A conclusion that the effect is at most small.
===Misc:
Erisology Of Self And Will Representative Campbell Speaks by Everything Studies - An exposition of the "mainstream" view of the self and free will.
What Is The Ein Sof The Meaning Of Perfection In by arisen (lesswrong) - "Kabbalah is based on the analogy of the soul as a cup and G-d as the light that fills the cup. Ein Sof, nothing ("Ein") can be grasped ("Sof"-limitation)."
Sexualtaboos by AellaGirl - A graph of sexual fetishes. The axes are "taboo-ness" and "reported interest". Taboo correlated negatively with interest (p < 0.01). Lots of fetishes are included and the sample size is pretty large.
Huffman Codes Problem by protokol2020 - Find the possible Huffman Codes for all twenty-six English letters.
If You're In School Try The Curriculum by Freddie deBoer - Ironic detachment "leaves you with the burden of the work but without the emotional support of genuine resolve". Don't be the sort of person who tweets hundreds of thousands of times but pretends they don't care about online.
Media Recommendations by Sailor Vulcan (BYS) - Various Reviews including: Games, Animated TV shows, Rationalist Pokemon. A more detailed review of Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality.
Sunday Assorted Links by Tyler Cowen - Variety of Topics. Ethereum Cryptocurrency, NYC Diner decline, Building Chinese Airports, Soccer Images, Drone Wars, Harberger Taxation, Douthat on Heathcare.
Summary Of Reading April June 2017 by Eli Bendersky - Brief reviews. Various topics: Heavy on Economics. Some politics, literature and other topics.
Rescuing The Extropy Magazine Archives by deku_shrub (lesswrong) - "You'll find some really interesting very early articles on neural augmentation, transhumanism, libertarianism, AI (featuring Eliezer), radical economics (featuring Robin Hanson of course) and even decentralized payment systems."
Epistemic Spot Check A Guide To Better Movement Todd Hargrove by Aceso Under Glass - Flexibility and Chronic Pain. Early section on flexibility fails check badly. Section on psychosomatic pain does much better. Model: Simplicity (Good), Explanation (Fantastic), Explicit Predictions (Good), Useful Predictions (Poor), Acknowledge Limits (Poor), Measurability (Poor).
Book Review Barriers by Eukaryote - Even cell culturing is surprisingly hard if you don't know the details. There is not much institutional knowledge left in the field of bioweapons. Forcing labs underground makes bioterrorism even harder. However synthetic biology might make things much more dangerous.
Physics Problem 2 by protokol2020 - Can tidal forces rotate a metal wheel?
Poems by Scott Alexander (Scratchpad) - Violets aren't blue.
Evaluating Employers As Junior Software by Particular Virtue - You need to write alot of code and get detailed feedback to improve as an engineer. Practical suggestions to ensure your first job fulfills both conditions.
===Podcast:
Kyle Maynard Without Limits by Tim Ferriss - "Kyle Maynard is a motivational speaker, bestselling author, entrepreneur, and ESPY award-winning mixed martial arts athlete, known for becoming the first quadruple amputee to reach the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Aconcagua without the aid of prosthetics."
85 Is This The End Of Europe by Waking Up with Sam Harris - Douglas Murray and his book 'The Strange Death of Europe: Immigration, Identity, Islam'.
Myers Briggs, Diet, Mistakes And Immortality by Tim Ferriss - Ask me anything podcast. Topics beyond the title: Questions to prompt introspection, being a Jack of All Trades, balancing future and present goals, don't follow your passion, 80/20 memory retention, advice to your past selves.
Interview Ro Khanna Regional Development by Tyler Cowen - Bloomberg Podcast. "Technology, jobs and economic lessons from his perspective as Silicon Valley’s congressman."
Avic Roy by The Ezra Klein Show - Better Care Reconciliation Act, broader health care philosophies that fracture the right. Roy’s disagreements with the CBO’s methodology. The many ways he thinks the Senate bill needs to improve. How the GOP has moved left on health care policy. Medicaid, welfare reform, and the needy who are hard to help. The American health care system subsidizes the rich, etc.
Chris Blattman 2 by EconTalk - "Whether it's better to give poor Africans cash or chickens and the role of experiments in helping us figure out the answer. Along the way he discusses the importance of growth vs. smaller interventions and the state of development economics."
Landscapes Of Mind by Waking Up with Sam Harris - "why it’s so hard to predict future technology, the nature of intelligence, the 'singularity', artificial consciousness."
Blake Mycoskie by Tim Ferriss - Early entrepreneurial ventures. The power of journaling. How “the stool analogy” changed Blake’s life. Lessons from Ben Franklin.
Ben Sasse by Tyler Cowen - "Kansas vs. Nebraska, famous Nebraskans, Chaucer and Luther, unicameral legislatures, the decline of small towns, Ben’s prize-winning Yale Ph.d thesis on the origins of conservatism, what he learned as a university president, Stephen Curry, Chevy Chase, Margaret Chase Smith"
Danah Boyd on why Fake News is so Easy to Believe by The Ezra Klein Show - Fake news, digital white flight, how an anthropologist studies social media, machine learning algorithms reflect our prejudices rather than fixing them, what Netflix initially got wrong about their recommendations engine, the value of pretending your audience is only six people, the early utopian visions of the internet.
Robin Feldman by EconTalk - Ways pharmaceutical companies fight generics.
Jason Weeden On Do People Vote Based On Self Interest by Rational Speaking - Do people vote based on personality, their upbringing, blind loyalty or do they follow their self interest? What does self-interest even mean?
Reid Hoffman 2 by Tim Ferriss - The 10 Commandments of Startup Success according to the extremely successful investor Reid Hoffman.
submitted by deluks917_ to slatestarcodex [link] [comments]


2017.07.09 21:09 deluks917_ Bi-weekly Rational Feed

===Highly Recommended Articles:
Just Saying What You Mean Is Impossible by Zvi Moshowitz - "Humans are automatically doing lightning fast implicit probabilistic analysis on social information in the background of every moment of their lives." This implies there is no way to divorce the content of your communication from its myriad probabilistic social implications. Different phrasings will just send different implications.
In Defense Of Individualist Culture by Sarah Constantin (Otium) - A description of individualist culture. Criticisms of individualist culture: Lacking sympathy, few good defaults. Defenses: Its very hard to change people (psychology research review). A defense of naive personal identity. Traditional culture is fragile. Building a community project is hard in the modern world, prepare for the failure modes. Modernity has big upsides, some people will make better choices than the traditional rules allow.
My Current Thoughts On Miris Highly Reliable by Daniel Dewey (EA forum) - Report by the Open Phil AI safety lead. A basic description of and case for the MIRI program. Conclusion: 10% credence in MIRI's work being highly useful. Reasons: Hard to apply to early agents, few researchers are excited, other approaches seem more promising.
Conversation With Dario Amodei by Jeff Kaufman - "The research that's most valuable from an AI safety perspective also has substantial value from the perspective of solving problems today". Prioritize work on goals. Transparency and adversarial examples are also important.
Cfar Week 1 by mindlevelup - What is working at CFAF actually like. Less rationality research than anticipated. Communication costs scale quadratically. Organization efficiency and group rationality.
The Ladder Of Interventions by mindlevelup - "This is a hierarchy of techniques to use for in-the-moment situations where you need to “convince” yourself to do something." The author uses these methods in practice.
On Dragon Army by Zvi Moshowitz - Long response to many quotes from "Dragon Army Barracks". Duncan't attitude to criticism. Tyler Durden shouldn't appeal to Duncan. Authoritarian group houses haven't been tried. Rationalists undervalue exploration. Loneliness and doing big things. The pendulum model of social progress. Sticking to commitments even when its painful. Saving face when you screw up. True Reliability: The bay is way too unreliable but Duncan goes too far. Trust and power Dynamics. Pragmatic criticism of the charter.
Without Belief In A God But Never Without Belief In A Devil by Lou (sam[]zdat) - The nature of mass movements. The beats and the John Birchers. The taxonomy of the frustrated. Horseshoe theory. The frustrated cannot derive satisfaction from action, something else has to fill the void Poverty, work and meaning. Mass movements need to sow resentment. Hatred is the strongest unifier. Modernity inevitably causes justified resentment. Tocqueville, Polyanai, Hoffer and Scott's theories. Helpful and unhelpful responses.
On The Effects Of Inequality On Economic Growth by Artir (Nintil) - Most of the article tries to explain and analyze the economic consensus on whether inequality harms growth. A very large number of papers are cited and discussed. A conclusion that the effect is at most small.
===Scott:
Two Kinds Of Caution by Scott Alexander - Sometimes boring technologies (ex container ships) wind up being far more important than flashy tech. However Scott argues that often the flashy tech really is important. There is too much contrarianism and not enough meta-contrarianism. AI risk.
Open Road by Scott Alexander - Bi-weekly public open thread. Some messages from Scott Alexander.
To The Great City by Scott Alexander - Scott's Karass is in San Fransisco. He is going home.
Open Thread 78 75 by Scott Alexander - Bi-weekly public open thread.
Why Are Transgender People Immune To Optical Illusions by Scott Alexander - Scott's community survey showed, with a huge effect size, that transgender individuals are less susceptible to the spinning mask and dancer illusions. Trans suffer from dis-associative disorder at a high rate. Connections between the two phenomena and NDMA. Commentary on the study methodology.
Contra Otium On Individualism by Scott Alexander (Scratchpad) - Eight point summary of Sarah's defense of individualism. Scott is terrified the market place of ideals doesn't work and his own values aren't memetically fit.
Conversation Deliberately Skirts The Border Of Incomprehensibility by Scott Alexander - Communication is often designed to be confusing so as to preserve plausible deniability.
===Rationalist:
Rethinking Reality And Rationality by mindlevelup - Productivity is almost a solved problem. Much current rationalist research is very esoteric. Finally grokking effective altruism. Getting people good enough at rationality that they are self correcting. Pedagogy and making research fields legible.
The Power Of Pettiness by Sarah Perry (ribbonfarm) - "These emotions – pettiness and shame – are the engines driving epistemic progress" Four virtues: Loneliness, ignorance, pettiness and overconfidence.
Irrationality is in the Eye of the Beholder by João Eira (Lettuce be Cereal) - Is eating a chocolate croissant on a diet always irrational? Context, hidden motivations and the curse of knowledge.
The Abyss Of Want by AellaGirl - The infinite regress of 'Asking why'. Taking acid and ego death. You can't imagine the experience of death. Coming back to life. Wanting to want things. Humility and fake enlightenment.
Epistemic Laws Of Motion by SquirrelInHell - Newton's three laws re-interpreted in terms of psychology and people's strategies. A worked example using 'physics' to determine if someone will change their mind. Short and clever.
Against Lone Wolf Selfimprovement by cousin_it (lesswrong) - Lone wolf improvement is hard. Too many rationalists attempt it for cultural and historical reasons. Its often better to take a class or find a group.
Fictional Body Language by Eukaryote - Body language in literature is often very extreme compared to real life. Emojis don't easily map to irl body language. A 'random' sample of how emotion in represented in American Gods, Earth and Lirael. Three strategies: Explicitly describing feelings vs describing actions vs metaphors.
Bayesian Probability Theory As Extended Logic A by ksvanhorn (lesswrong) - Cox's theorem is often cited to support that Bayesian probability is the only valid fundamental method of plausible reasoning. A simplified guide to Cox's theorem. The author their paper that uses weaker assumptions than Cox's theorem. The author's full paper and a more detailed exposition of Cox's theorem are linked.
Steelmanning The Chinese Room Argument by cousin_it (lesswrong) - A short thought experiment about consciousness and inferring knowledge from behavior.
Ideas On A Spectrum by Elo (BearLamp) - Putting ideas like 'selfishness' on a spectrum. Putting yourself and others on the spectrum. People who give you advice might disagree with you about where you fall on the spectrum. Where do you actually stand?
A Post Em Era Hint by Robin Hanson - In past ages there were pairs of innovations that enabled the emulation age without changing the growth rate. Forager: Reasoning and language. Farmer: Writing and math. Industrial: Computers and Digital Communication. What will the em-age equivalents be?
Zen Koans by Elo (BearLamp) - Connections between koans and rationalist ideas. A large number of koans are included at the end of the post. Audio of the associated meetup is included.
Fermi Paradox Resolved by Tyler Cowen - Link to a presentation. Don't just multiply point estimates. Which Drake parameters are uncertain. The Great filter is probably in the past. Lots of interesting graphs and statistics. Social norms and laws. Religion. Eusocial society.
Developmental Psychology In The Age Of Ems by Gordan (Map and Territory) - Brief intro to the Age of Em. Farmer values. Robin's approach to futurism. Psychological implications of most ems being middle aged. Em conservatism and maturity.
Call To Action by Elo (BearLamp) - Culmination of a 21 article series on life improvement and getting things done. A review of the series as a whole and thoughts on moving forward.
Cfar Week 1 by mindlevelup - What is working at CFAF actually like. Less rationality research than anticipated. Communication costs scale quadratically. Organization efficiency and group rationality.
Onemagisterium Bayes by tristanm (lesswrong) - Toolbox-ism is the dominant mode of thinking today. Downsides of toolbox-ism. Desiderata that imply Bayesianism. Major problems: Assigning priors and encountering new hypothesis. Four minor problems. Why the author is still a strong Bayesianism. Strong Bayesians can still use frequentist tools. AI Risk.
Selfconscious Ideology by casebash (lesswrong) - Lesswrong has a self conscious ideology. Self conscious ideologies have major advantages even if any given self-conscious ideology is flawed.
Intellectuals As Artists by Robin Hanson - Many norms function to show off individual impressiveness: Conversations, modern songs, taking positions on diverse subjects. Much intellectualism is not optimized for status gains not finding truth.
Just Saying What You Mean Is Impossible by Zvi Moshowitz - "Humans are automatically doing lightning fast implicit probabilistic analysis on social information in the background of every moment of their lives." This implies there is no way to divorce the content of your communication from its myriad probabilistic social implications. Different phrasings will just send different implications.
In Defense Of Individualist Culture by Sarah Constantin (Otium) - A description of individualist culture. Criticisms of individualist culture: Lacking sympathy, few good defaults. Defenses: Its very hard to change people (psychology research review). A defense of naive personal identity. Traditional culture is fragile. Building a community project is hard in the modern world, prepare for the failure modes. Modernity has big upsides, some people will make better choices than the traditional rules allow.
Forget The Maine by Robin Hanson - Monuments are not optimized for reminding people to do better. Instead they largely serve as vehicles for simplistic ideology.
The Ladder Of Interventions by mindlevelup - "This is a hierarchy of techniques to use for in-the-moment situations where you need to “convince” yourself to do something." The author uses these methods in practice.
On Dragon Army by Zvi Moshowitz - Long response to many quotes from "Dragon Army Barracks". Duncan't attitude to criticism. Tyler Durden shouldn't appeal to Duncan. Authoritarian group houses haven't been tried. Rationalists undervalue exploration. Loneliness and doing big things. The pendulum model of social progress. Sticking to commitments even when its painful. Saving face when you screw up. True Reliability: The bay is way too unreliable but Duncan goes too far. Trust and power Dynamics. Pragmatic criticism of the charter.
===AI:
Updates To The Research Team And A Major Donation by The MIRI Blog - MIRIr received a 1 million dollar donation. Two new full-time researchers. Two researchers leaving. Medium term financial plans.
Conversation With Dario Amodei by Jeff Kaufman - "The research that's most valuable from an AI safety perspective also has substantial value from the perspective of solving problems today". Prioritize work on goals. Transparency and adversarial examples are also important.
Why Don't Ai Researchers Panic by Bayesian Investor - AI researchers predict a 5% chance of "extremely bad" (extinction level) events, why aren't they panicking? Answers: They are thinking of less bad worst cases, optimism about counter-measures, risks will be easy to deal with later, three "star theories" (MIRI, Paul Christiano, GOFAI). More answers: Fatal pessimism and resignation. It would be weird to openly worry. Benefits of AI-safety measures are less than the costs. Risks are distant.
Strategic Implications Of Ai Scenarios by (EA forum) - Questions and topics: Advanced AI timelines. Hard or soft takeoff? Goal alignment? Will advanced AI act as a single entity or a distributed system? Implication for estimating the EV of donating to AI-safety. - Tobias Baumann
Tool Use Intelligence Conversation by The Foundational Research Institute - A dialogue. Comparisons between humans and chimps/lions. The value of intelligence depends on the available tools. Defining intelligence. An addendum on "general intelligence" and factors that make intelligence useful.
Self-modification As A Game Theory Problem by (lesswrong) - "If I'm right, then any good theory for cooperation between AIs will also double as a theory of stable self-modification for a single AI, and vice versa." An article with mathematical details is linked.
Looking Into Ai Risk by Jeff Kaufman - Jeff is trying to decide if AI risk is a serious concern and whether he should consider working in the field. Jeff's AI-risk reading list. A large comment section with interesting arguments.
===EA:
Ea Marketing And A Plea For Moral Inclusivity by MichaelPlant (EA forum) - EA markets itself as being about poverty reduction. Many EAs think other topics are more important (far future, AI, animal welfare, etc). The author suggests becoming both more inclusive and more openly honest.
My Current Thoughts On Miris Highly Reliable by Daniel Dewey (EA forum) - Report by the Open Phil AI safety lead. A basic description of and case for the MIRI program. Conclusion: 10% credence in MIRI's work being highly useful. Reasons: Hard to apply to early agents, few researchers are excited, other approaches seem more promising.
How Can We Best Coordinate As A Community by Benn Todd (EA forum) - 'Replaceability' is a bad reason not to do direct work, lots of positions are very hard to fill. Comparative Advantage and division of labor. Concrete ways to boost productivity: 5 minute favours, Operations roles, Community infrastructure, Sharing knowledge and Specialization. EA Global Video is included.
Deciding Whether to Recommend Fistula Management Charities by The GiveWell Blog - "An obstetric fistula, or gynecologic fistula, is an abnormal opening between the vagina and the bladder or rectum." Fistula management, including surgery. Open questions and uncertainty particularly around costs. Our plans to partner with IDinsight to answer these questions.
Allocating the Capital by GiveDirectly - Eight media links on Give Directly, Basic Income and Cash Transfers.
Testing An Ea Networkbuilding Strategy by remmelt (EA forum) - Pivot from supporting EA charities to cooperating with EA networks. Detailed goals, strategy, assumptions, metrics, collaborators and example actions.
How Long Does It Take To Research And Develop A Vaccine by (EA forum) - How long it takes to make a vaccine. Literature review. Historical data on how long a large number of vaccines took to develop. Conclusions.
Hi Im Luke Muehlhauser Ama About Open by Luke Muelhauser (EA forum) - Animal and computer consciousness. Luke wrote a report for the open philanthropy project on consciousness. Lots of high quality questions have been posted.
Hidden Cost Digital Convenience by Innovations for Poverty - Moving from in person to digital micro-finance can harm saving rates in developing countries. Reduction in group cohesion and visible transaction fees. Linked paper with details.
Projects People And Processes by Open Philosophy - Three approaches used by donors and decision makers: Choose from projects presented by experts, defer near-fully to trusted individuals and establishing systematic criteria. Pros and cons of each. Open Phil's current approach.
Effective Altruism An Idea Repository by Onemorenickname (lesswrong) - Effective altruism is less of a closed organization than the author thought. Building a better platform for effective altruist idea sharing.
Effective Altruism As Costly Signaling by Raemon (EA forum) - " 'a bunch of people saying that rich people should donate to X' is a less credible signal than 'a bunch of people saying X thing is important enough that they are willing to donate to it themselves.' "
The Person Affecting Philanthropists Paradox by MichaelPlant (EA forum) - Population ethics. The value of creating more happy people as opposed to making pre-existing people happy. Application to the question of whether to donate now or invest and donate later.
Oops Prize by Ben Hoffman (Compass Rose) - Positive norms around admitting you were wrong. Charity Science publicly admitted they were wrong about grant writing. Did anyone organization at EA Global admit they made a costly mistake? 1K oops prize.
===Politics and Economics:
Scraps 3 Hoffer And Performance Art by Lou (sam[]zdat) - Growing out of radicalism. Either economic and family instability can cause mass movements. why the left has adopted Freud. The Left's economic platform is popular, its cultural platform is not. Performance art: Marina Abramović's' 'Rhythm 0'. Recognizing and denying your own power.
What Replaces Rights And Discourse by Feddie deBoer - Lots of current leftist discourse is dismissive of rights and open discussion. But what alternative is there? The Soviets had bad justifications and a terrible system but at least it had an explicit philosophical alternative.
Why Do You Hate Elua by H i v e w i r e d - Scott's Elua as an Eldritch Abomination that threatens traditional culture. An extended sci-fi quote about Ra the great computer. "The forces of traditional values remembered an important fact: once you have access to the hardware, it’s over."
Why Did Europe Lose Crusades by Noah Smith - Technological comparison between Europe and the Middle East. Political divisions on both sides. Geographic distance. Lack of motivation.
Econtalk On Generic Medications by Aceso Under Glass - A few egregious ways that big pharma games the patent system. Short.
Data On Campus Free Speech Cases by Ozy (Thing of Things) - Ozy classifies a sample of the cases handled by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education. Ozy classifies 77 cases as conservative, liberal or apolitical censorship. Conservative ideas were censored 52%, liberal 26% and apolitical 22%.
Beware The Moral Spotlight by Robin Hanson - The stated goals of government/business don't much matter compared to the selective pressures on their leadership, don't obsess over which sex has the worse deal overall, don't overate the benefits of democracy and ignore higher impact changes to government.
Reply To Yudkowsky by Bryan Caplan - Caplan quotes and replies to many sections Yudkowsky's response. Points: Yudkowsky's theory is a special case of Caplan's. The left has myriad complaints about markets. Empirically the market actually has consistently provided large benefits in many countries and times.
Without Belief In A God But Never Without Belief In A Devil by Lou (sam[]zdat) - The nature of mass movements. The beats and the John Birchers. The taxonomy of the frustrated. Horseshoe theory. The frustrated cannot derive satisfaction from action, something else has to fill the void Poverty, work and meaning. Mass movements need to sow resentment. Hatred is the strongest unifier. Modernity inevitably causes justified resentment. Tocqueville, Polyanai, Hoffer and Scott's theories. Helpful and unhelpful responses.
Genetic Behaviorism Supports The Influence Of Chance On Life Outcomes by Freddie deBoer - Much of the variance in many traits is non-shared-environment. Much non-shared-environment can be thought of as luck. In addition no one chooses or deserves their genes.
Yudkowsky On My Simpistic Theory of Left and Right by Bryan Caplan - Yudkowsky claims the left holds the market to the same standards as human beings. The market as a ritual holding back a dangerous Alien God. Caplan doesn't respond he just quotes Yudkowsky.
On The Effects Of Inequality On Economic Growth by Artir (Nintil) - Most of the article tries to explain and analyze the economic consensus on whether inequality harms growth. A very large number of papers are cited and discussed. A conclusion that the effect is at most small.
===Misc:
Erisology Of Self And Will Representative Campbell Speaks by Everything Studies - An exposition of the "mainstream" view of the self and free will.
What Is The Ein Sof The Meaning Of Perfection In by arisen (lesswrong) - "Kabbalah is based on the analogy of the soul as a cup and G-d as the light that fills the cup. Ein Sof, nothing ("Ein") can be grasped ("Sof"-limitation)."
Sexualtaboos by AellaGirl - A graph of sexual fetishes. The axes are "taboo-ness" and "reported interest". Taboo correlated negatively with interest (p < 0.01). Lots of fetishes are included and the sample size is pretty large.
Huffman Codes Problem by protokol2020 - Find the possible Huffman Codes for all twenty-six English letters.
If You're In School Try The Curriculum by Freddie deBoer - Ironic detachment "leaves you with the burden of the work but without the emotional support of genuine resolve". Don't be the sort of person who tweets hundreds of thousands of times but pretends they don't care about online.
Media Recommendations by Sailor Vulcan (BYS) - Various Reviews including: Games, Animated TV shows, Rationalist Pokemon. A more detailed review of Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality.
Sunday Assorted Links by Tyler Cowen - Variety of Topics. Ethereum Cryptocurrency, NYC Diner decline, Building Chinese Airports, Soccer Images, Drone Wars, Harberger Taxation, Douthat on Heathcare.
Summary Of Reading April June 2017 by Eli Bendersky - Brief reviews. Various topics: Heavy on Economics. Some politics, literature and other topics.
Rescuing The Extropy Magazine Archives by deku_shrub (lesswrong) - "You'll find some really interesting very early articles on neural augmentation, transhumanism, libertarianism, AI (featuring Eliezer), radical economics (featuring Robin Hanson of course) and even decentralized payment systems."
Epistemic Spot Check A Guide To Better Movement Todd Hargrove by Aceso Under Glass - Flexibility and Chronic Pain. Early section on flexibility fails check badly. Section on psychosomatic pain does much better. Model: Simplicity (Good), Explanation (Fantastic), Explicit Predictions (Good), Useful Predictions (Poor), Acknowledge Limits (Poor), Measurability (Poor).
Book Review Barriers by Eukaryote - Even cell culturing is surprisingly hard if you don't know the details. There is not much institutional knowledge left in the field of bioweapons. Forcing labs underground makes bioterrorism even harder. However synthetic biology might make things much more dangerous.
Physics Problem 2 by protokol2020 - Can tidal forces rotate a metal wheel?
Poems by Scott Alexander (Scratchpad) - Violets aren't blue.
Evaluating Employers As Junior Software by Particular Virtue - You need to write alot of code and get detailed feedback to improve as an engineer. Practical suggestions to ensure your first job fulfills both conditions.
===Podcast:
Kyle Maynard Without Limits by Tim Ferriss - "Kyle Maynard is a motivational speaker, bestselling author, entrepreneur, and ESPY award-winning mixed martial arts athlete, known for becoming the first quadruple amputee to reach the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Aconcagua without the aid of prosthetics."
85 Is This The End Of Europe by Waking Up with Sam Harris - Douglas Murray and his book 'The Strange Death of Europe: Immigration, Identity, Islam'.
Myers Briggs, Diet, Mistakes And Immortality by Tim Ferriss - Ask me anything podcast. Topics beyond the title: Questions to prompt introspection, being a Jack of All Trades, balancing future and present goals, don't follow your passion, 80/20 memory retention, advice to your past selves.
Interview Ro Khanna Regional Development by Tyler Cowen - Bloomberg Podcast. "Technology, jobs and economic lessons from his perspective as Silicon Valley’s congressman."
Avic Roy by The Ezra Klein Show - Better Care Reconciliation Act, broader health care philosophies that fracture the right. Roy’s disagreements with the CBO’s methodology. The many ways he thinks the Senate bill needs to improve. How the GOP has moved left on health care policy. Medicaid, welfare reform, and the needy who are hard to help. The American health care system subsidizes the rich, etc.
Chris Blattman 2 by EconTalk - "Whether it's better to give poor Africans cash or chickens and the role of experiments in helping us figure out the answer. Along the way he discusses the importance of growth vs. smaller interventions and the state of development economics."
Landscapes Of Mind by Waking Up with Sam Harris - "why it’s so hard to predict future technology, the nature of intelligence, the 'singularity', artificial consciousness."
Blake Mycoskie by Tim Ferriss - Early entrepreneurial ventures. The power of journaling. How “the stool analogy” changed Blake’s life. Lessons from Ben Franklin.
Ben Sasse by Tyler Cowen - "Kansas vs. Nebraska, famous Nebraskans, Chaucer and Luther, unicameral legislatures, the decline of small towns, Ben’s prize-winning Yale Ph.d thesis on the origins of conservatism, what he learned as a university president, Stephen Curry, Chevy Chase, Margaret Chase Smith"
Danah Boyd on why Fake News is so Easy to Believe by The Ezra Klein Show - Fake news, digital white flight, how an anthropologist studies social media, machine learning algorithms reflect our prejudices rather than fixing them, what Netflix initially got wrong about their recommendations engine, the value of pretending your audience is only six people, the early utopian visions of the internet.
Robin Feldman by EconTalk - Ways pharmaceutical companies fight generics.
Jason Weeden On Do People Vote Based On Self Interest by Rational Speaking - Do people vote based on personality, their upbringing, blind loyalty or do they follow their self interest? What does self-interest even mean?
Reid Hoffman 2 by Tim Ferriss - The 10 Commandments of Startup Success according to the extremely successful investor Reid Hoffman.
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